They are located in the heart of the neighborhood of San Vicente, located between the street Baños, Miguel Cid and Jesus of Vera Cruz, adjacent to the Chapel of the Sweet Name of Jesus belonging to the Brotherhood of the True Cross that is co-owner of the Baths.
It tends to identify these baths with those known by the documentation with the name of Hamman-al Sattara. Some authors support the theory corresponded by the Almohad stylistic characters that in the time of Almutamid belonged to the patrimony of the queen mother, from which the popular name of "Baños de la Reina Mora" would derive, with which it has traditionally been known.
There is a disparity of opinions on the fate of the baths after the reconquest of the city by San Fernando. Be that as it may, what seems clear is that they would soon be taken over by the Church of Seville and this in turn would sell it to different individuals, who would probably install a noble house here.
Apparently at the end of the fifteenth century the property becomes "Convent of Dueñas" of the Carmelite order. But again at the beginning of the 16th century there is news that it was in the hands of private individuals. In the middle of this century the building was property of Don Pedro de Córdoba, Antonio Jerónimo de Montalván and Ana Henríquez ,. These, donated the property to a "gathering of repentant women" known as the "Sweet name of Jesus", which from that date were installed in the old building. Here they remained until 1837, when by order of the Government the establishment was abolished and its religious were added to those of the Convent of San Leandro. Then the building was used as a neighbor's house, except for its small church that remained open to worship until the Revolution of 1868. However, it was soon to be reopened, since in 1870 it was known that the coffin of the Christ of Love moved there.
At present, this church is the seat of the Sevillian Brotherhood of Cristo de la Vera Cruz. After the events reported, the building of the convent transformed into a house of neighbors was set up as a barracks until 1974, when the auction of the building was announced in December, being bought by a real estate agent who immediately requested a demolition license to the City Council. Seville. Once the works were started, the architect Rafael Manzano wrote a report indicating that the remains of old Arab baths exist in the site. Then, at the request of the Heritage Commission, the demolition is carried out, conserving said baths and projecting the building of a building that integrates the old remains inside. But in accordance with the instructions given by the Commission, prior to the construction works, excavations were carried out in 1983 aimed at perfectly delimiting the scope of the old monument. After the excavation and after various vicissitudes, the new works begin. The rests of the bathrooms appear integrated within the structures of the new building. As much for the stylistic tonic of the capitals as for some Islamic documentary references it seems that the stage to which these baths correspond is to the Almohad in Seville, which embraces as it is known the transition between the XII and XIII centuries. However, the reutilization of some caliphal stems and the tradition that used to take advantage of such establishments to build new bathrooms, has led to think that these are only a renewed survival of an older one that marked the location of a of the Mozarties of Seville.
The anarchic character in the organization of the conserved in the Baths would come to pay this idea of reuse. However, in the excavations carried out, no accurate data have been found in this regard. It is difficult to determine the original configuration of these baths given the different occupations to which they have been subjected and without doubt the fragmentary character of the preserved, however it astonishes the magnitude of their structures. For the rest, it maintains the constants of other establishments of this type in the Arab world, probably starting from a centered plant.
The historical development of the building has meant that, due to the various uses to which it has been designed, it has undergone numerous adaptation modifications in its primitive structure. Currently, the bathrooms are included in a building dedicated to housing. The main body consists of four large vaulted rooms, arranged around a central courtyard surrounded by columns. The rooms are covered by vaulted barrel vaults with their corresponding starry skylights for steam output. The columns that surround the patio are 12th century Almohades, marble with very schematic mocarabes capitals. The central patio would be covered with a great vault, which possibly when the building became a convent, the vault, perhaps ruinous, was demolished becoming the cloister of the convent. This stay would be the "al-bayt al wastani", a central room with a temperate environment that would correspond to the Roman "tepidarium". The "tepidarium" or hot water bath, is the fundamental piece that would be the space of the present patio, surrounded by their respective galleries with lights for the exit of the steam and illumination; several vaulted rooms arranged around where the cold water baths would be located; other dependencies covered by different services, many of which have been lost, and a corral or open space in which the well or cistern and the ferris wheel would be located, through which and by means of the convenient canalizations the water would be conducted even the bathrooms themselves. This cistern and ferris wheel should be those located in the last excavations.
Also in this corral would be installed warehouses with the necessary firewood to heat the water.
Parallel to the North room rises another one of greater dimensions than that of the previous room, but of the same characteristics.
On the western side of the last room, there is access to a much smaller one but also covered by a half-barrel vault recessed with chandeliers that opens onto a patio through a shallow arch. On the back it preserves remains of paint, which by the type of mortar used as support for the pigments and the nature of these seem to correspond to a decoration made in the late Middle Ages.
In front of this room there is another similar structure, also open in a reduced arch of brick on columns. In the vault of the half-canyon there are plasterwork Renaissance appliques, composed of small cassettes with rosettes, which start from a cornice run with a frieze whose theme revolves around the exaltation of the Eucharist. In the intrados of the vault are "sebka cloths" of Almohad roots, carved in brick that were later hidden.
The excavations carried out in the site revealed, in addition to the structures of the bath, other structures related to it, the cistern and the wheel that would serve to supply them with water. The cistern is composed of a series of tanks with vaulted roof, arranged in battery, U-shaped, communicated with each other and the bathrooms. Between the arms of the U was located a well whose rectangular embouchure would hold a ferris wheel. This area is located in the southern part of the plot and is currently covered by the floor of the patio. The factory of the building is mortar, very strong rammed earth composed of lime, sand and pebbles of a similar nature to that used in the construction of the Almohad wall.
The results of the excavations show that this area was occupied in Taifa time maintaining its agricultural use; joining the urban layout in the Almohad period with the construction of the baths.
Source: bdi del Patrimonio Inmueble de Andalucía (Junta de Andalucía)