The inn of the Lucero is located in Almirante Apodaca street that, transformed throughout the times, has historically been part of one of the axes of penetration to the central part of the enclosure enclosed by the Almohad wall, considered unanimously as the Center Historical of the city of Seville.
We know nothing about the history of this building, except its possible construction in the seventeenth century and the possible reforms of the XVIII.
There is not enough data to indicate the date and different phases of construction of this unique building, but it seems that it could be built in the seventeenth century, although in the eighteenth and, most likely in this century, it must have suffered reforms that although it does not seem that it altered its disposition in plant, if ornamental changes were introduced.
The main patio presents elements probably of the seventeenth century, although renovated and with additions of the eighteenth century.
In the city of Seville, in the middle of the present century mesons of similar characteristics were still preserved. It was the case of the inn in the Plaza de la Alfalfa or the Incarnation. In the province, there are still some inns, whose spatial distribution is reminiscent of the Sevillan del Lucero. This is the case of the Posada de la Concepción, in Lebrija, or the disappeared of the Sun, in Écija, both in the province of Seville.
In the middle of the decade of the 2000, a series of works of reform and rehabilitation of the building was carried out to be turned into Hotel of four stars, happening to be denominated Hotel Posada del Lucero.
The inn is a walk through time, and an attempt has been made to recover the building to adapt it to the current needs and conditions of the hotel. For this, old materials have been used together with lime mortar, rusted steel carpentry, which provide vanguard and the recovery of all dark walnut wood.
The facade has been one of the most controversial points of the project, it has been preserved in its primitive state with the incursion of the steel carpentry and the covering elements of the same material in the jambs. The current façade of the hotel is the union of three plots, the primitive one in its current state, and the space that we have called it as "hinge" that unifies the old façade and connects it with the adjoining buildings giving continuity to the Almirante street Apodaca, since it was made up of an empty space existing since the 10th century.
The rehabilitation and restoration works continued for three years, recovering an emblematic building within the city of Seville, which continues to be a place of lodging as in its beginnings back in the sixteenth century.
The importance of the street as an axis of penetration, confirms the adequacy of its function as an inn, today already lost due to the transformation of transport systems and urban places where lodging places are concentrated.
In the section of street in which it is located, located between the churches of Santa Catalina and San Pedro, a strong transformation was carried out at the end of the 19th century, when the front of houses of the sidewalk of the pairs was replaced by the building of neoclassical style that was to serve as the seat of the courts of Seville, transformed a few years ago into the headquarters of the Municipal Historical Archives and newspaper library and the Junta de Andalucía.
On the sidewalk of the odd, the own of the monument, the front of houses maintains, in better or worse state, the traditional houses, except for the last two, already in contact with the Plaza de San Pedro, of modern construction, which were set back of the historical alignment, within the general operation of widening of this penetration route towards the center.
The inn is therefore a building embedded in the block that houses it, accompanied by a front of traditional houses that occupies the entire length of the facade of the block, except for a couple of houses at the end, which are recessed in their alignment, "disappearing" from the most immediate visual perspective, and "pressed" by the bulk of the building of the old courts that, with their dimensions, unaccustomed in the plot of the area, marks the stretch of the street where the monument is located .
Stylistically the Posada del Lucero is immersed in the typology of mesons and post houses so frequent since the sixteenth century. Thus, it is arranged around two areas, the first, around the main courtyard, located in the front of the building, with cover to the street, and a second for stables, usually at the bottom of the building.
The typology of the building responds to an order based on three spaces. On the façade, a built-up body that differs little in its external appearance from the traditional Sevillian dwelling, although inside, on the ground floor, the space behind the gate is occupied by a hallway or halt that connects it with the patio.
This constitutes the center and organizational mechanism of the second body, wider than the first, which distributes the rooms around a trapezoidal space, porticoed on two of its sides.
The staircase is located in a corner of this second room and serves both the courtyard rooms and the upper floors of the facade block, which is accessed by one of the galleries.
The third space, at the back of the plot, which is accessed through the central part of the patio, is formed by the blocks, with irregular construction geometry.
From this third space, a small passageway gives access, now walled up, to an adarve located in the street of San Felipe.
Volumetrically, the front, it has already been said, does not differ in its aspect and dimensions of a traditional house of three floors (low and two high), with balconies in their openings, which open, refenced in albero colour, in the traditional white wall The roof is roof.
The materials of the building correspond to the typology of civil architecture not cultured of the time. The walls are mostly brick, as witnessed in the parts where the exterior plaster allows to glimpse the factory, although the existence of tapial and other factories in isolated places is not ruled out, especially in the partys and rear areas of the building.
The floor slabs are made of wood and the floor tiles are predominantly tile, ceramic or stone.
The vertical walls are covered with plaster on the outside, which has the typical whitewashed cloths and rugs in the colour of the holes. In the interior the coating is based on plastering, ready to paint.
In the vestibule, behind the wooden gate, the paving is cobbled that also covers the patio.
The carpentries are all made of wood and the ironwork of the balconies and gate of the porch, metallic.
The roofs are formed with wood and support a curved tile skirt.
The Posada del Lucero offers a great simplicity in the facade. Only the southern facade is significant and really visible. It opens the access door to the property, which has vain lintel and gate as closure. To the right and left, there are two shops, which occupy areas of the building, offering practically the same layout as the main door, although they are quite transformed. A simple cornice serves as a transition with the first body, where two balconies with flat openings and iron railing open, which constitute the main floor of the building. On this first body rises a second with two other balconies of the same characteristics as those outlined. The façade ends in a blind parapet with a simple structure.
Externally, part of the eastern façade is also perceived, which does not offer any particularity, except for the thick pillars as a buttress.
Through a linteled vain, access to the hallway, which has trapezoidal and simple wooden deck. It opens four doors that communicate with rooms of irregular plant, with wooden decks of simple trace. A reduced arch with gate, communicates the hallway with the main patio of the inn. It presents galleries of semi-circular arches on the north and east fronts, on the ground floor, while the upper one has three galleries, on the north, south and east fronts. The arches lean on columns, both upstairs and down, alternating the Tuscan orders and the call of "castanets." The spandrels appear ornamented with triangles. The lower galleries appear open, while the upper ones are partitioned, presenting balconies. The west wing of the patio has on the upper floor, a gallery or balcony with railing and thin iron columns with footings, as support for the roof. This is a water.
In the southeast corner of the patio, the access staircase to the upper floor opens up, and on the east and west sides there are different service rooms, now practically unused, which have a rectangular floor plan and simple wooden roofs. On the north side, the former blocks are opened, with rectangular arrangements on the floor, where the second patio of the building is located. Trapezoidal plant, stands on square pillars on the ground floor, and wooden pillar with shoes, on high. In the northeast corner there is a narrow corridor with a door at the end, today without use, which apparently communicated with San Felipe Street.
As already indicated, in the southeast corner of the main courtyard the staircase is located, which presents a rectangular box with two sections and a landing, and a flat roof. In one of its walls there is a kind of oval oval framed by a molding.
Upstairs the Inn offers the following distribution. The east wing acts as a transit gallery between the different dependencies of the building. This communicates with the south wing, currently the inhabited area of ??the building, through a small lintel door. It also connects with the north gallery of access to the second patio and the roof. These corridors, as well as the housing area, offer simple coffered ceilings as roofs, with reduced arches on corbels in the northeast corner, opening the different rooms that made up the Posada. They have flat doors, rectangular floors, wooden roofs, with the exception of those on the east side, which have a flat roof, presenting on their lintel a tile with the number of the room.
In the north wing of this main floor of the building, access to the second patio and the roof are located. The first is made by lintel door, emerging on both sides and in the galleries of the courtyard, rectangular rooms with simple coffered ceilings as cover. The roof is accessed by a simple and narrow staircase, with risers decorated with tiles. In it the last rooms of the building are opened, with the same arrangement and cover already indicated. Close this roof a kind of parapet with iron railing and square pedestals. As a roof, roof to a water.
Fuente: bdi del Patrimonio Inmueble de Andalucía (Junta de Andalucía)